Inflammation of the gums or gingivitis is a gum condition that is caused by a bacterial infection and results in inflammation or swelling of the gums. Gingivitis is characterized by reddening of the gums around the part of the gums closest to the teeth. This disease is an early stage of the dangerous gum disease, namely periodontitis, if not treated properly. So, what causes gingivitis, and how can you prevent gingivitis? This article explains more about what gingivitis is and what gingivitis treatments should be done.
Causes of gingivitis and symptoms of gingivitis
Gingivitis is caused by the accumulation of plaque on the teeth from food debris that is not cleaned properly and then hardens into tartar. The bacteria in the tartar will then infect the gums and cause inflammation. Some of the factors that increase your risk of developing gingivitis are:
- Hormonal changes; such as during pregnancy, menstruation, or menopause. The gums become more sensitive and the risk of inflammation of the gums increases.
- Brushing your teeth too hard or harshly.
- Take several types of drugs.
- Age; the risk of gingivitis increases with age.
- Lack of nutrients such as vitamin C.
- Smoking habit.
- Some diseases such as diabetes.
Meanwhile, risk factors for gingivitis in children are usually triggered by the child’s habit of eating snacks or sugary drinks, and the use of braces without proper dental and oral hygiene care. Also check out our article about the causes of toothache.
Symptoms of gingivitis include gums that are red, swollen, bleed easily, or feel tender and sore. People with mild gingivitis may experience only mild symptoms and may not even notice them.
Prevention of gingivitis
Inflammation of the gums, either in adults or gingivitis in children, should be treated and treated immediately to relieve symptoms and prevent inflammation from developing into gum disease periodontitis which can lead to tooth loss. Visit the dentist regularly every 6 months to check the health of your teeth and mouth.
- Maintain cleanliness and health of teeth and gums.
Since the cause of gingivitis is plaque, hygiene of the teeth and gums is the main thing. Get in the habit of brushing your teeth twice for two minutes in the morning after breakfast and at night before going to bed, and use a steel bite pro supplement that can help you protect against the bacterial coating.
- Using dental floss.
Dental floss helps clean food debris that is still left between the teeth and causes plaque to develop on the teeth.
- Routine plaque and tartar cleaning to the dentist.
A dentist visit at least once every 6 months applies to control plaque and tartar so that it does not develop into gingivitis or other oral and dental diseases. If you are among those with a higher risk of gingivitis, your doctor will recommend more frequent visits.
- Pay attention to risk factors.
Reduce or stop habits that can increase your risk of developing gingivitis, such as smoking and consuming sweet and sour foods and drinks.
Now that you know what gingivitis is, its causes and how to treat gingivitis, don’t let plaque build up and develop into gingivitis. Get rid of the plaque, show off your smile.